top of page

The Limits of AI Image Generation Tools for Technical 3D Visualizations

The Images in this Blog were not created by artist Max Kulich, but AI (Artificial Intelligence).


Artificial Intelligence (AI) has made significant strides in the field of image generation in recent years. Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) and other deep learning models have produced impressive results, creating realistic images and artwork that are often difficult to distinguish from those created by humans. However, when it comes to generating highly detailed and accurate images of technical objects like machinery, industrial products, or engines, AI image generation tools still fall short. In this blog, we'll delve into the reasons behind these limitations, focusing on the complexity of the objects and the issue of AI-generated hallucinations.

AI Image using Midjourney v4, Prompt: 3D rendering of a hammer drill with a cutsection showing internal components

Complexity of Technical Objects

Technical 3D visualizations require an intricate understanding of the object's geometry, materials, and functionality. Industrial products and machinery often involve numerous components, precise dimensions, and intricate connections that need to be portrayed accurately. This level of detail goes beyond what current AI image generation tools can manage.

Limited training data: AI models learn by being exposed to large datasets of images. However, the availability of high-quality, labeled data for complex technical objects is often limited. This makes it challenging for AI models to learn the necessary details for accurate representation.

Inability to understand function: While AI can generate visually appealing images, it lacks a true understanding of the functionality of the objects it creates. For technical visualizations, it's crucial to depict how various parts interact and work together. Without this understanding, AI-generated images may look convincing but fail to convey essential information.

Difficulty in handling intricate details: Technical objects often include a multitude of tiny details that can be hard for AI models to reproduce. Current image generation tools struggle with accurately depicting small-scale features or textures, which are crucial for an accurate representation of technical objects.

AI Image using Midjourney v4, Prompt: translucent 3D rendering of a truck showing its engine

AI Hallucinations

AI-generated images are often plagued by hallucinations – imagined elements that the model includes but aren't present in the actual object. While these hallucinations may not be an issue for creating artistic or conceptual illustrations, they pose a significant problem for technical 3D visualizations.

Misinterpretation of data: AI models are prone to misinterpreting the training data, leading to the generation of false features or connections that don't exist in the real object. In technical visualizations, these hallucinations can cause confusion or even lead to dangerous misunderstandings of how a piece of machinery operates.

Inconsistency in generated images: AI hallucinations can result in inconsistent images that don't accurately represent the object. For example, a model might generate an engine with missing or incorrect parts. While this might not be noticeable in a casual glance, it can have serious implications for technical understanding and communication.

AI Image using Midjourney v4, Prompt: realistic 3D rendering of a chainsaw showing internal components


While AI image generation tools have made remarkable progress in recent years, they still struggle to create accurate and detailed images of technical objects like machinery, industrial products, and engines. The complexity of these objects and the issue of AI-generated hallucinations limit the applicability of these tools in technical 3D visualization. For now, human expertise remains the gold standard for creating precise, informative, and reliable visualizations of complex technical objects.

For more information about human :) created technical 3D Visualization and industrial 3D Renderings, please contact me at any time:

The Images in this Blog were not created by artist Max Kulich, but AI (Artificial Intelligence).

bottom of page